Bonsai Trees. Bonsai are dwarfed ornamental trees grown in a variety of shallow pots. The trees are pruned and managed in ways that encourage designs within the branches and trunks of the tree.
For the casual grower, bonsai trees are simplistic, just small trees that are stunted by the confines of their pots. For the professional bonsai tree grower, the trees are works of art that can last for hundreds of years if cared for properly.
If you are interested in growing bonsai trees, there are several things that you should keep in mind. Many of the types of trees suitable for growing in the bonsai style do not thrive well indoors.
This is due to the fact that many of the species used in bonsai trees require a dormant period that is typically broken by the temperature and climate indoors. By not allowing the bonsai trees to go into dormancy, the tree will not be able to thrive as long.
There are seven techniques used to manage and care for bonsai. These include leaf trimming, pruning, wiring, clamping, grafting, defoliation and deadwood.
Each of these methods serve a different purpose when tending to bonsai trees. Leaf trimming and pruning are typically used to maintain the appearance and health of the tree, while wiring, clamping, grafting, defoliation and deadwood are methods used to enhance the overall style and design of the bonsai.
Each of these methods needs to be performed with care, as your bonsai trees can be killed if you over prune, over trim, or otherwise critically damage the root and structure of the bonsai.
Unlike other styles of potted plants, bonsai trees require careful watering in order to survive. Each species of bonsai tree is different, and has different watering needs.
Over or under watering bonsai plants are among the most common causes of death in these plants.
An important part of tending to bonsai trees is maintaining the pots in which they grow. There are many types of pots available, both glazed and unglazed, that are designed to accent the bonsai grown within them.
The pots will be changed over the course of the bonsai’s life, so growers will need to learn how best to select and change the pots. Due to the size of bonsai trees, the pots are typically a significant part of the appearance of the bonsai.
Most bonsai will be grown in pots with drainage holes that permit excess moisture from pooling inside the pot and causing root rot.
Many growers will use mesh over these holes to prevent pests from entering the pot from the bottom and keep loose soil in the pot.
If you are interested in growing bonsai trees, you should ensure that you live in a good region for the types of trees you want to grow, or you focus on purchasing an indoor variety of bonsai.