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Bonsai Tree Care: A complete guide for beginners

Bonsai is defined as a plant in a pot or tray planting, so what would it be bonsai tree care?

Bonsai is the breeding of natural tree in miniature form. With its origin in Japan & China this art is practised for centuries.

Bonsai hobby need lot of planning & patience. The outcome of a simple sapling if done right can be a piece that you will be proud of!

These miniatures are grown in pots & dependent on us for the love & care!

Bonsai Trees require regular care and maintenance. Bonsai is a way of recreating some of nature’s most extraordinary and attractive outcome on trees which are now curtailed.

Bonsai is the art of dwarfing trees or plants and developing them into an artistic taste engaging shape. Bonsai are well trained to grow, prune into containers according to the set techniques.

In this write up we bring you the most important tips & complete Guide for Beginners.

In this article we speak about How to care for a bonsai tree like a pro! Watch out for the following:

What is Bonsai Tree Care?

bonsai tree care indoors
Bonsai Tree Care: A complete guide for beginners

The perfect care for your Bonsai, will keep them healthy, beautiful, and miniature for many years to come.

Fundamentals of bonsai tree care is very important as Bonsai Care for the beginner’s will delight them with grace and elegance in your house or workplace.

Indoor Bonsai need a sunny spot at your window that is best for the growth of your Bonsai. Tropical Bonsai’s need more light intensity hence, it can be challenging to keep them indoor.

It is crucial to place your indoor bonsai tree in a south facing window. artificial lighting helps radiate good amount of light and can help the tree in its growth, one can also use light-emitting diode light for this purpose for about 10 hrs daily.

Another problem with tropical bonsai trees indoors is that they need high humidity, which is higher than the humidity inside your house, most especially when you’re using air conditioning or heating.

You can mist your bonsai tree and open a window during the day for proper air circulation.

The right steps from watering your bonsai trees, choosing the right soil, correct application of feeding & usage of fertilizer, right technique of pruning, and proper placement of bonsai tree, well positioning will ensure the optimum growth of your bonsai trees

For the Juniper Bonsai, the roots are robust and they can handle the pruning very well, these trees are also able to manage any small mistakes occurred. This makes them stand out as Bonsai Tree Species!

Placement of Juniper outdoor is essential in its care, as it is an outdoor type of Bonsai.

Junipers love light. The sunny place in your garden with a little afternoon shade in the summer will help Juniper.

Money Tree Bonsai is strong and require less care.

The Money Tree is robust and extremely liberal of low light and dryness.

Indoor Gardenia Bonsai Care

  • The gardenia plant can also be successfully grown in containers and treated like houseplants indoors. While growing a gardenia bush indoors, remember that bright light and high humidity are very essential.
  • The dry, short days of winter will likely be the most troublesome, especially if the gardenia bush is not given enough humidity. 

Everybody can learn about Bonsai Tree Care? 

Bonsai need similar care like others in your garden, as different species have different preservation techniques.

The basic fundamental care of your bonsai, irrespective of species and varieties is quite similar, to begin with watering.

They are easy to care for!

Numerous Bonsai thar are easy to grow are usually require less preservation.

For Bonsai it’s easy to adapt your space, all they require is some sunshine & water every day, they also need fertilizer occasionally, replanting Bonsai once every few years is must.

Watering Bonsai trees

The bonsai has very specific watering requirements. Approximately once a week or so (when the topsoil feels completely dry) immerse the entire bonsai plant in a bucket or basin of water.

Air bubble rising at the top is an indication, Bonsai has absorbed sufficient water.

General guidelines for Watering your bonsai tree:

  • Regularly monitor the dampness of the plant’s soil by pressing your finger into the dirt, taking care not to damage any roots.
  • It’s recommended to water the plant during the morning hours.
  • During the summer or during warmer days, your bonsai will require more water.
  • Water not more than once a week during winter season: too much water isn’t good for the bonsai during this dormant season.
  • If sunlight exposure decreases, watering requirements will also decrease. If sunlight exposure increases, watering requirements will increase.
  • Water the tree at regular intervals during the growing season so your bonsai can adapt to the watering schedule.

Few Bonsai like the Chinese elm bonsai tree‘s soil has to be checked before giving it water.

The set schedule of watering doesn’t work with them;

Daily watering may be required for some of the trees. depending on their climate and soil composition, others might need accordingly.

Water your Chinese elm in morning because morning’s cool temperature gives the tree time to absorb the amount of water it needs before the water evaporates.

Repotting Bonsai Tree Care

The right soil mixture is an important aspect for the health of your trees.

When the root system fills up the pot repotting must be performed regularly on all bonsai, to supply your tree with fresh soil, to ensure more compact root system are the reasons for Repotting your Bonsai.

The most deciduous trees require repotting every two or three years, as compared to the evergreens who only need to be repotted every four or five years.

This schedule will not always hold true, as different trees grow at different rates. hence, examine your tree’s root system each year to determine if it has become pot-bound.

Guidelines for re-potting bonsai plant:

  • Clean the new bonsai pot and place fine plastic or wire mesh preferably copper wire mesh on the drainage holes. Spread some soil over mesh and level it.
  • Insert two ends of a piece of copper wire through the outer sides of bottom holes.
  • Take the tree out from the old pot/ ordinary pot/ ground. detach the upper and side layers of soil from the root ball.
  • Root pruning: Taproot may be cut up to two-third of its length along with some fibrous roots. Once the plant is out of old bonsai pot, cut all exposed roots.
  • Place the plant in the container, tie with wire, keep its base visible above the level of the pot.
  • Now fill the pot with soil mixture. for the contour look, compress and shape the soil lightly. Rising the upper surface of the soil will help plant appear to grow in a mound of soil.
  • Moss may be used as ground cover. This intensify the look, checks dispersal and at the same time helps to prevent soil from being washed out at the time of watering.
  • The first watering after re-potting should be done either through misting or by placing the pot in a water tray; allow water to enter through bottom hole slowly rise to the top.

Mid-summer is the period for Repotting for the Pomegranate Bonsai, tree is at its least fragile state during this time. Carefully water your Dwarf Pomegranate Bonsai post the process of repotting.

gardenia bonsai tree care

Bonsai soil

One of the most important factors in Bonsai Cultivation is the Soil. the success or failure of growing a healthy bonsai is dependent on this.

The environment of a bonsai is limited to the flat container’s soil holding capacity, which is significantly smaller than garden pots.

As soil is the crucial part of the growth of Bonsai, and due to the growing space in the container is limited, it is important that the soil placed in it should be of high quality.

There is no perfect bonsai soil.

Customising the soil is important as per the changing environment.

A loose, well-draining soil for the bonsai tree can easily grow new roots and healthy root growth means healthy top growth and overall plant health.

A good soil mix is planned to uplift the development of this fine hair-like feeder roots.

Qualities required for a good bonsai soil mix

  1. Good Water-Retention
  2. Good Drainage
  3. Good Aeration
  4. Correct Soil pH

Check the Soil Moisture by following methods:

a) Finger Method

b) Chopstick Method

c) Soil Moisture Meter

Location for your trees

Treat your Bonsai as the regular large trees that need light, humidity and temperature as much as them.

The location of bonsai trees is a crucial survival factor to ensure longevity and life span of the tree.

Light is an important stage of your Bonsais health.

Few Bonsai’s has specific requirements like the Pomegranate trees like full sun in the summer, less in winter, but still full light as an indoor plant.

Leaves can tolerate temperatures down to 14º F but the roots don’t like the freezing temperatures.

For most of the residences, Bonsai can relatively do well at a South facing window, as abundant of light is an important factor for the tree growth.

Positioning the tree little away from the window can affect on absorbing sunlight resulting in deficiency & harming it further.

The Ficus Bonsai or Carmona, which are Indoor Bonsai they need good amount of humidity as well as they are sub-tropical.

Taking extreme care of Bonsais in winter can actually harm the life cycle instead.

Advanced care techniques

Advanced care techniques include

  • Choosing the correct Bonsai Pots & everything related to the Bonsai Pots.
  • Pests & Diseases & how to deal with them.
  • Seasonal protection of your Bonsai.
  • Yearly Cycles of Bonsai.

Choose plants hardy suitable for local climatic conditions

  • Choose simple container with adequate drainage.
  • Position the plant correctly in the container.
  • Do potting and repotting at right time.
  • Eliminate air pockets during potting and repotting.
  • Trim or prune regularly to produce a fine network of shoots.
  • Keep bonsai in open airy place.
  • Give balanced nutrition and use mild fertilizers or slow release fertilizers.
  • Plenty of sunshine to all sides of bonsai can be very helpful.
  • Do thorough watering until water comes out of drainage hole.
  • Regular drainage checks are important, as water retention is very harmful.
  • Inspect often for insect-pests and diseases.
  • Develop a design suitable for the species.
  • Well balanced and natural looking design is must.
  • Give your love and affection by proper and constant care to bonsai.

Selection of right plant species.

  • Constant, complete and affectionate care.
  • Suitable growing media.
  • Adequate sunshine, water, ventilation and fertilizers.
  • Careful trimming, training, pruning, wiring and repotting.
  • The roots, trunk, branches and foliage balance among them should always be maintained.

Where to get Videos to learn from?

Browse on to YouTube to know more about Bonsai.


We hope after reading the article, you have become better versed in how to grow, shape & maintain your Bonsai.